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Home > FAQs > FAQs on Reporting Agencies
Frequently Asked Questions on Reporting Agencies
What is a Banking Company?
Banking company under PMLA means a banking company or a co-operative bank to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 applies and includes any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act. Banking Company includes
  • All nationalized banks, private Indian banks and private foreign banks,
  • All co-operative banks viz. primary co-operative banks, state co-operative banks and central co-operative banks,
  • State Bank of India and its associates and subsidiaries,
  • Regional Rural Banks.
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What is a Financial institution?
Financial Institution under PMLA means a Financial Institution as defined in clause (c) of section 45-I of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934) and includes a chit fund company, a co-operative bank, a housing finance institution and a non banking financial company. Financial Institution includes:
(i) Financial Institutions as defined in Section 45-I of the RBI Act. RBI regulates and supervises 8 All- India Financial Institutions namely EXIM Bank, NABARD, NHB, SIDBI, IFCI Ltd., IDFC Ltd., IIBI Ltd. And TFCI Ltd.
(ii) Insurance companies,
(iii) Hire Purchase companies,
(iv) Chit fund companies as defined in the Chit Funds Act.
(v) Co-operative banks.
(vi) Housing finance institutions as defined in the National Housing Bank Act such as HDFC.
(vii) Non-banking financial companies as defined in section 45-I of the RBI Act such as private finance companies - motor and general, hire purchase companies, leasing companies, investment companies etc.
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What is an Intermediary?
Intermediary under PMLA includes following persons registered under Section 12 of SEBI Act:-
(i) Stock brokers
(ii) Sub-brokers
(iii) Share transfer agents
(iv) Bankers to an issue
(v) Trustees to trust deed
(vi) Registrars to issue
(vii) Merchant bankers
(viii) Underwriters
(ix) Portfolio Managers
(x) Investment advisers
(xi) Depositories and Depository Participants
(xii) Custodian of securities
(xiii) Foreign institutional investors
(xiv) Credit rating agencies
(xv) Venture capital funds
(xvi) Collective investment schemes including mutual funds
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What is a Chit Fund Company?
Chit fund company means a company managing, conducting or supervising, as foremen, agent or in any other capacity, chits as defined in Section 2 of the Chit Funds Act, 1982.

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What is a Co-operative Bank?
Co-operative bank shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause(dd) of section 2 of the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation Act 1961.

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What is a Housing Finance Institution?
Housing Finance Institution shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (d) of section 2 of the National Housing Bank Act, 1987.

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What is a Non-banking Financial Company?
Non-banking financial company shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (f) of section 45-I of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

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